An NAACP LDF, PRRAC, Open Communities Alliance, Sillerman Center Report (October 2020). By Susan Eaton. Excerpt: "This report was inspired in part by the 2017 book The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America, by Richard Rothstein...This report offers a similar accounting of the nature, origins, and harms of racial segregation. But it is … [Read more...] about A Steady Habit of Segregation (NAACP LDF, PRRAC, Open Communities Alliance, Sillerman Center, October 2020)
There is a reciprocal relationship between residential segregation and segregated schools. Federal housing policy and historical patterns of housing segregation have created stark divides between wealthy, largely white communities with high property values and predominantly minority communities with more limited resources. Due to the local nature of school funding, communities with higher property value can generate more funding for schools, leading to more comprehensive educational resources and higher test scores, which in turn drives up the price of homes in the school district. In this way the socioeconomic and racial divisions between neighborhoods and schools perpetuate themselves in a vicious cycle. Just as residential and school segregation are mutually reinforcing, so too are the effects of residential and school integration. Children attending integrated schools are more likely to live in integrated neighborhoods as adults, and send their own children to integrated schools. The effects are reciprocal, working positively in both directions.
For more on PRRAC’s work on this topic, visit our page on the Housing-School Nexus.
A PRRAC Policy Brief (August 2020). Excerpt: "This report/analysis provides an overview of the historical relationship of school construction and school segregation, including evidence of school construction policies in key desegregation court cases. It then describes the state role in local school construction today, highlights key trends and themes of this role, and … [Read more...] about State Support for Local School Construction: Leveraging Equity and Diversity (PRRAC, August 2020)
A PRRAC Report (April 2019). By Martha Cecilia Bottia Ph.D. Excerpt: "In summary, immigrant-origin youth are the fastest-growing student population in the country (Foxen, 2010) and are also more likely to be poor, experience residential mobility, and live in overcrowded housing than native-born children (e.g., Hernandez & Charney, 1998). In addition to language barriers, … [Read more...] about Immigrant Integration and Immigrant Segregation: The Relationship Between School and Housing Segregation and Immigrants’ Future in the U.S. (Martha Cecilia Bottia, April 2019)
A NEA-PRRAC Report (April 2019). Excerpt: "Housing and land use policies have a significant effect on schools, and since these policies are usually decided at the state and local level, educators and education advocates have the opportunity to play a significant role." Read the Report... … [Read more...] about Housing and Schools: The Importance of Engagement for Educators and Education Advocates (NEA & PRRAC, April 2019)
A PRRAC Report (July 2018). By Ingrid Gould Ellen and Keren Horn. Excerpt: "The Housing Act of 1949 espoused the goal of 'a decent home and a suitable living environment' for all Americans. Nearly 70 years later, we have made significant strides in improving the quality of American homes, but there continue to be large disparities across income and race, especially with … [Read more...] about Housing and Educational Opportunity: Characteristics of Local Schools Near Families with Federal Housing Assistance (Ingrid Gould Ellen & Keren Horn, July 2018)